Tomato – Lycopersicon esculentum

Tomato – Lycopersicon esculentum

Common Name: Tomato

Botanical Name: Lycopersicon esculentum, ly-ko-PER-si-kon es-ku-LEN-tum

Decorative Life: Life of bedding plant can be for a few weeks.

Flower Color:

Availability: ,

Harvest Instructions:

Irrigating with water containing very low levels of chlorine (2-8 ppm) can cause significant growth reductions with some cultivars. Plants grown under high relative humidity (90-95%) produced more dry weight than when grown under lower humidity (55-60%).

Family Roots:
  • As a member of the Solanaceae (nightshade family), it has as common relatives pepper, eggplant, potato and petunia among many others.
  • Native to Western South America, Galapagos.
Personality:
  • Foliage is course, aromatic and hairy. Stems upright or scrambling, often rooting at nodes.
  • Flowers up to 12 per cluster, less than 1 inch in diameter.
  • Fruit shape from globose to elongated and many forms in between, red or yellow when ripe, from less than an inch to many inches in diameter.
Storage Specifics:

Plugs can be stored for 3 weeks in the dark (3 weeks in light) at 45F and subsequently grown into very acceptable plants and/or flowers.

Tidbits:
  • From Greek “lykos” for wolf and “persikon” for peach; probably referring to the fruit’s inferiority to the peach.
  • Some exotic diseases of citrus that involve small, single-stranded RNA molecules called viroids, can be transmitted to this species.

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