Camellia – Camellia japonica

Camellia – Camellia japonica

Common Name: Camellia

Botanical Name: Camellia japonica, ka-MEEL-ee-a ja-PON-i-ca

Decorative Life: Not very long under most circumstances, 3-4 days.

Flower Color: , ,

Availability:

Family Roots:
  • Member of the Theaceae (tea) family.
  • Native to Japan, Korea and Taiwan.
  • Relatives include Franklinia, Ternstroemia and Stewartia.
Personality:
  • Waxy flowers 2-6 inches across, single and double forms, solitary on short branchlets on woody stems.
  • Stems cut to various lengths or individual flowers are harvested.
  • Plant is an evergreen shrub, classed as a dicotyledon, leaves not parallel veined.
  • Very little if any fragrance.
Storage Specifics:

45 F with high humidity.

Tidbits:
  • Named for Georg Josef Kamel, a Moravian Jesuit missionary who studied plants in the Philippines. There are over 2000 cultivars of this species.
  • Camellias were brought to America in the late 18th century and soon became a fixture in southern gardens.
  • Related to the tea plant, the Camellia”s flower was a garden treasure in China long before the flower was introduced to Western civilization. The Camellia is the plant from which Earl Grey and other popular teas are made.
  • Camellia sasanqua blooms in the fall, Camellia sinensis is the source of commercial tea.
  • Flower forms include single, semi-double, anemone, peony, rose double and formal double.
Recent Research Findings:

Using ‘Kumasaka’, Doi and Reid (1996) noted that STS treatment prevented flower abscission but did not delay the occurrence of necrotic brown spots on flowers.

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