Tulip


2 entries found.
Tulip
Common Name: Tulip
Botanical Name: Tulipa spp. or T. gesnerana (TEW-li-pa)
Decorative Life: About 4-8 days depending mainly on cultivar and harvest stage.
Post Harvest Care:
  • Leave sleeves on when hydrating after shipping to prevent stem bending, cut stems above lower white portion for better water uptake and hold in the upright position to prevent bending. Unless local tests have proven otherwise, using flower food solutions seldom do better than plain water in extending tulip vaselife. However, using a flower food made with the sugar trehalose extended flower life over water and other flower food solution treatments. At least one flower food developed especially for tulips actually includes an ethylene releasing chemical that can be very effective in preventing the stem (scape) elongation growth after harvest!
  • Stems often elongate making them grow out of their place in arrangements. This can be reduced by either growers treating them with growth regulators before harvest or using special flower foods that contain elongation inhibitors. Ethylene gas itself can reduce this postharvest elongation.
Harvest Instructions: Harvest at the 50% color stage for most cultivars. However, some cultivars and some growing conditions require that a more mature flower stage be harvested. For example, 'Monte Carlo', 'Kees Nelis', 'Cassini' and 'Rosella' lasted on average 12% longer when harvested mature verses immature when they were flowered in the Southern Hemisphere as so-called "ice tulips." Tulip flower color depends greatly on local growing conditions. Treating bulbs with MCP prior to shipment and/or planting results in lower ethylene-induced problems such as gummosis. The more the air movement in areas where this species is being grown, the shorter the stem (peduncle) length.
Family Roots:
  • Member of the Liliaceae (lily family).
  • Native from Central Asia to Mediterrean area.
  • Family relatives include lily, hyacinth, Ornithogalum and asparagus.
Personality:
  • Has goblet-shaped flowers with 6 petals (tepals), varying from slender and pointed to broadly rounded, one flower per stem, can be doubled, semi-doubled, and/or fringed among other possibilities.
  • Leafless flower stems (scapes) are 12-18 inches long, one or two long leaves originate at base.
  • Plant is a herbaceous perennial from a bulb, classed as a monocotyledon, leaves mostly parallel veined.
  • Flower fragrance is slight with some cultivars.
Availability: Can be year-round but mostly available in the winter to spring in the Northern Hemisphere.
Flower Color: Many including red, yellow, orange, pink, purple, white and bicolors.
Storage Specifics: Store at 32-34F is preferred, up to 5 days wrapped, in water. If storing longer, place dry stems vertically. Flowers can be stored for up to 10 days if the bulbs are still attached. When they were held wet or dry between 32 and 50F, no difference in vaselife was noted between wet and dry at a given temperature. However, there was an advantage for wet holding when held at 55F. Therefore, dry storage/transport is recommended unless high temperatures (greater than 40F) are possible.
Tidbits:
  • The name tulip is the Latinized version of the Arabic word "dulband" (turban). Turkish men customarily wore tulips tucked in the folds of their turbans. The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology lists this species as an allergy-safe pollen producing plant.
  • During the 17th century in Holland, the popularity of tulips resulted in "Tulipomania" and bulbs were incredibly expensive and the subject of financial speculation.
  • The most prized tulips were the "broken" or striped flower forms. This condition is now known to be the result of a virus infection in the bulbs.
  • The many cultivars are divided into groups based on flower form including single rounded, double rounded, lily-flowered (pointed petals), parrot (fringed petals).
  • The flat side of tulip bulbs will present the largest leaf upon forcing. With over 3000 species, the lily family includes many medicinal and food species in addition to ornamental species. According to Creasy (1999), fresh petals are edible. Can be used in salads (especially chicken or shrimp) or tea sandwiches.
Recent Findings: Using 'Frappant' and ' Apeldoorn', van Doorn (1998) showed that the mucilage that comes from the cut stem ends of 'Carlton' daffodil is toxic to tulips. Therefore, don't place freshly cut or recut daffodils in the same vase with tulips unless sufficient bactericide(s) is (are) present.
Tulip
Common Name: Tulip
Botanical Name: Tulipa spp. or T. gesnerana (TEW-li-pa)
Decorative Life: Varies greatly by cultivar and temperature and to a much lesser degree by light levels. As a temperature example, 'Capri' lasted 8 days at 79F and 18 days at 64F.
Post Harvest Care:
  • Display in cool area, even moving to a garage or similar cool environment over night.
  • Stems often elongate after harvest making them grow out of their place in pots. However, growers can apply growth regulators (A-Rest or Bonzi) to reduce this elongation.
Harvest Instructions: Harvest no later than the green bud stage. The flat side of tulip bulbs will present the largest leaf upon forcing. Therefore, planting bulbs with their flat side towards the outside of the pot will result in a better looking plant because the biggest leaf will now be facing outwards. On the other hand, this planting technique can result in more damaged leaves during shipping which reduces plant value. Thus, some growers plant the bulbs with the flat sides facing the inside of the pot. Regarding nutrition and stem topple disorder, adequate calcium levels can reduce or prevent the this disorder only if nitrogen levels are also adequate. The more the air movement in areas where this species is being grown, the shorter the stem (peduncle) length.
Family Roots:
  • Member of the Liliaceae (lily family).
  • Origin is from Central Asia to the Mediterranean area.
  • Some common relatives include lily, hyacinth, Ornithogalum, asparagus, smilax, hosta and aloe.
Personality:
  • Goblet-shaped flowers with 6 petals, varying from slender and pointed to broadly rounded, mostly one flower per stem, forms include double, semi-double, and/or fringed among others.
  • Stems are 12-18 inches long, with one or two long leaves.
  • Plant is an herbaceous perennial from a bulb, classsed as a monocotyledon, leaves mostly parallel veined.
  • Some cultivars have fragrant flowers.
Availability: Winter-spring.
Flower Color: Red, yellow, orange, pink, purple, white and bicolors.
Storage Specifics: Storage at 32-34F is best for most cultivars tested.
Tidbits:
  • The name tulip is the Latinized version of the Arabic word "dulband" (turban). Turkish men customarily wore tulips tucked in the folds of their turbans. The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology lists this species as an allergy-safe pollen producing plant.
  • During the 17th century in Holland, the popularity of tulips resulted in "Tulipomania" and bulbs were incredibly expensive and the subject of financial speculation.
  • The most prized tulips were the "broken" or striped flower forms. This condition is now known to be the result of a virus infection in the bulbs.
  • The many cultivars are divided into groups based on flower form including single rounded, double rounded, lily-flowered (pointed petals), parrot (fringed petals). Will generally do well in light levels at least bright enough to read a newspaper in comfort but more light (up to filtered full sunlight) would be better.
  • With over 3000 species, the lily family includes many medicinal and food species in addition to ornamental species. According to Creasy (1999), fresh petals are edible. Can be used in salads (especially chicken or shrimp) or tea sandwiches.