Spider Plant

1 entry found.
Spider Plant
Common Name: Spider Plant, Ribbon Plant, Spider Ivy, Airplane Plant
Botanical Name: Chlorophytum comosum (klo-row-FY-tum co-MO-sum)
Decorative Life: Years.
Post Harvest Care:
  • This species is reportedly susceptible to fluoride injury as manifested by leaf tip burn. In fact, many authors state this is a major problem. However, one researcher (Matkin, 1972) was unable to document fluoride injury even when tissue fluoride levels were high.
  • Tolerates a lot of neglect but just keeps on going. Excessive rhizome (white to brown colored underground storage structures) growth may necessitate repotting.
Family Roots:
  • Member of the Liliaceae (lily family).
  • Native to South Africa.
  • Related species include aloe, lily, hosta, asparagus, day-lily, tulip.
  • Classed as a monocotyledon, leaves mostly parallel veined.
  • Leaves with long arching blades to 24 inches long and 1 inch wide, green. The common variegated leaf forms are marked with white ('Variegatum' and 'Vittatum') or yellow ('Mandaianum') bands.
  • Plants form offsets (plantlets) resembling miniature plants at ends of flexible stems.
  • Best used in hanging baskets.
Availability: Year-round.
Flower Color: White.
Storage Specifics: Somewhat chill sensitive, store above 50F.
  • The specific epithet name of "comosum" means long hair, probably in reference to the long leafless stems extending out with small plants forming at the ends. In the wild, these plantlets can root when they touch the ground and thereby help propagate themselves.
  • Chlorophytum: Greek for green in reference to the foliage. Besides having foliage with yellow bands, 'Mandaianum' is smaller in size compared to the species.
  • With over 3000 species, the lily family includes many medicinal and food species in addition to ornamental species.
  • The basic green foliage type generally does better under home environments than the variegated one with white and green leaves. The reason is believed to be simple: more chlorophyll (green pigment) means more photosynthesis (food production) under low light environments.
  • Will generally grow well in light levels bright enough to read a newspaper in comfort.
Recent Findings: Giese et al. (1994) showed that cell cultures of this species could detoxify formaldehyde and turn this dangerous chemical into common plant compounds such as sugars, organic and amino acids. On a more useful note and as summarized by Brown (1988) and by Wolverton et al. (numerous years), this is one of many foliage and flowering plant species that can remove air pollutants such as formaldehyde and/or benzene often found in cigarette smoke from interior environments. Indeed, a breath of fresh air awaits custodians of spider plants!