Pincushion flower

3 entries found.
Pincushion flower
Common Name: Pincushion flower
Botanical Name: Scabiosa atropurpurea (skab-ee-O-sa aht-ro-pur-pur-EE-a)
Decorative Life: 5-7 days.
Post Harvest Care:
  • Treat with an anti-ethylene product. Remove bottom leaves if present, recut stems under water and place into a fresh flower food solution.
  • Harvest when flowers are about 50% open.
Family Roots:
  • Member of the Dipsacaceae (teasel family).
  • Native to South Africa.
  • Not so common relatives include Cephalaria, Knautia, Morina and Succisa.
  • Flower heads are about 2 inches across with outer whorl of petals and center of less conspicuous flowers.
  • Stems are mostly thin, 20-28 inches long.
  • Plant is an annual, classed as a dicotyledon.
  • Flowers have fragrance.
Availability: Summer to early fall.
Flower Color: Mostly dark purple to deep crimson.
Storage Specifics: Hold at 36-41F, in solution.
  • From the Latin "scabies" (itch), the plant's rough leaves were said to cure an itch. The specific epithet name "atropurpurea" means dark purple.
  • At first glance this species looks like a member of the Compositae or aster family.
Recent Findings: Starman et al. (1995) rated this species ('Imperial Mix') as being an average to good income producer.
Pincushion Flower
Common Name: Pincushion Flower, Leptospermum, Tea Tree
Botanical Name: Leptospermum scoparium and L. spp. (lep-to-SPUR-mum sco-PAR-ee-um)
Decorative Life: From 3-12 days depending on species. L. scoparium is an example of a species with a short vaselife of only a few days.
Post Harvest Care:
  • Should be treated with an anti-ethylene product. Remove bottom leaves if present, recut stems under water and place in a hydration or fresh flower food solution.
  • Very easily water stressed. Responds well to under water cutting. Also responds well to a 4-8% sugar pulse for 4 hours at 72F.
Harvest Instructions: Choose stems when all buds are fully colored and with 30-50% (or as some say, at least 20%) open flowers. Is a short-day plant requiring 10-12 hours or more of darkness to flower depending on temperature.
Family Roots:
  • Member of the Myrtaceae (myrtle family).
  • Native to Australia, New Zealand.
  • Relatives include eucalyptus, Geraldton waxflower and Thryptomene.
  • Has circular, flat flowers, 1/2 inch in diameter, crowded among leaves on upper part of stems.
  • Stems mostly 24-36 inches long.
  • Plant is a woody, evergreen shrub, classed as a dicotyledon.
  • Flowers are not fragrant.
Availability: Winter-spring.
Flower Color: Orange, salmon, pink, red, white.
Storage Specifics: Store at 36-40 F for up to 2 days dry or up to 5 days in water. Store best under high humidity.
  • Scientific name from the Greek words "leptos" (slender) and "sperma" (seed), referring to the narrow seeds. The specific epithet name "scoparium" means broom-like.
  • The crew of Captain Cook's ship drank a tea made from leptospermum leaves to ward off scurvy during long voyages, hence the common name "tea tree".
  • This species is planted outdoors in mild climates or grown in greenhouses. One species (L. laevigatum) is used extensively for the reclamation of moving sands. This family is important economically for many edible fruits including guava, rose-apple, spices such as allspice and cloves, timber (eucalyptus) and many ornamental species.
  • Leptospermum contrasts well with spray roses, stock, peony and other flowers popular for the country look.
  • Useful as a filler or, if stems longer, provides vertical line for contemporary arrangements.
Pincushion Flower
Common Name: Pincushion, Pincushion Flower, Firewheel, Cordifoliums
Botanical Name: Leucospermum spp. (loo-co-SPUR-mum)
Decorative Life: At least 10 days fresh and much longer dry.
Post Harvest Care:
  • Remove bottom leaves if present, recut stems under water and place into a fresh flower food solution. May have to change solution every 3-4 days and/or recut stems every 7 days.
  • Leaf blackening due to low internal carbohydrate levels therefore keep in well-lit situation and/or supply the carbohydrate (sugar) through flower food.
Harvest Instructions: Harvest when about 25% of the flowers in a head have straight styles and the rest are loosening, often referred to as looping.
Family Roots:
  • Member of the Proteaceae (protea family).
  • Native to South Africa.
  • Relatives include Grevillea, Leucadendron, Banksia and macadamia nut.
  • Has globous flower heads 5 inches across, made up of many flowers whose styles protrude like pins from a pincushion.
  • Stems are woody with leathery leaves, cut to various lengths.
  • Plant is an evergreen shrub, classed as a dicotyledon, leaves not parallel veined.
  • Flowers are not fragrant.
Availability: Most times of the year.
Flower Color: Yellow, orange, red.
Storage Specifics: Sores best at 32-34 F, provide light during storage to prevent leaf blackening. Does not store as well as some other members of the protea family. Namely, some may not do well after only one week of storage. Others can be stored for 3 weeks with 1 week left of vaselife.
  • Named for the Latin meaning white tree or white seed. From Greek "leukos" (white) and "sperma" (seed).
  • It is so suitable for drying that flowers used in fresh arrangements can often be left indefinitely in the vase, long after the water has disappeared, and still retain much of their beauty.
  • Leaves can tun black due to low light and especially due to lack of carbohydrate. Therefore, make sure a fresh flower food containing sugar is used.