Pigtail Anthurium

1 entry found.
Pigtail Anthurium
Common Name: Flamingo Flower, Pigtail Anthurium
Botanical Name: Anthurium scherzerianum and A. spp. (an-THEWR-ee-um)
Decorative Life: Many weeks to months depending on interior environment.
Post Harvest Care:
  • Treat them as African violets as they do well in the same environments with a little more light. Will generally grow well in lighted levels bright enough to read a newspaper in comfort, which translates to a minimum of about 100 ft-c.
  • Sap contains oxalic acid crystals, which can cause irritation. Leaves may exhibit oedema, a disorder characterized by small bumps (pimples) on leaves that can take on a corky appearance. Thought to be caused by excessive water and/or humidity imbalances.
Harvest Instructions: Should be grown under reduced light intensities so they will be better acclimated to subsequent interior environments.
Family Roots:
  • Member of the Araceae (arum family).
  • Native to Costa Rica.
  • Common relatives include calla lily, caladium and philodendron.
  • Flower is flat, heart-shaped spathe from which protrudes finger-like spadix.
  • Stems are wiry, nice foliage, classed as a monocotyledon, leaves mostly parallel veined.
  • Plant is a tropical herbaceous perennial.
  • Flowers are not fragrant.
Availability: Year-round.
Flower Color: Red, scarlet to green.
Storage Specifics: Store at 55-66F as this species is chill sensitive. Flowers will turn gray to blackish when exposed to temperatures below 50F. Does well if transported or stored for only 3 days or less at 50-80F.
  • The flower consists of a wiry, leafless stem bearing at its end a flat heart-shaped spathe from 1-2 inches across. Classified as "epiphytes" or air plants as they grow on other plants and elevated supports. They are not parasites but obtain water and nutrients through a spongy covering of their roots.
  • The actual flowers occur on a columnar structure called a spadix that protrudes 1 to 3 inches out from the middle of the spathe. Spadix maturity (number of open flowers) is determined by the degree of roughness.
  • Anthurium is Greek for "tailflower" referring to the spadix that protrudes from the spathe like a tail. The specific epithet name of cultorum means one that is commonly cultivated.
  • This and other anthurium species are also grown for their foliage. Thus, they look good even when not flowering. Another potted plant relative of this species has the common names of White Anthurium and Peace Lily but is a different genus, Spathiphyllum.
  • Common species collected in Colombia by Ed Andre in 1876. Hence, it is very common in Colombia. Several arum family members (including taro) are grown in tropical regions for their edible tubers, representing starch staples for large populations. Many other species are grown for their beautiful foliage.
Recent Findings: Chen et al. (1999) showed that Anthurium plants can perform well under low light levels in the home or office but this response is cultivar specific with 'Red Hot' doing the best.