Daffodil


2 entries found.
Daffodil
Common Name: Daffodil, Trumpet Narcissus
Botanical Name: Narcissus pseudonarcissus (nar-SIS-us sue-doe-nar-SIS-us)
Decorative Life: Individual flower may last from 4-5 days depending mostly on cultivar and temperature.
Post Harvest Care:
  • Recut stems and place into a fresh flower food solution or plain water as some brands of fresh flower foods do not extend vaselife and can even be detrimental. Run tests to determine which flower food brand or water is best.
  • Cut stems exude sap that can be detrimental to other flowers therefore store separately in water for about 6 hours before mixing with other flowers. Do not recut again when arranging without foam if at all possible or else the 6 hour wait would have to be repeated. However, if the flower food solution being used has a good germicide, the sap may not be harmful to other flowers. See the recent research findings below for more information in this subject area.
Harvest Instructions: While it is fairly common for some growers treat potted daffodils with ethylene in the form of liquid Ethephon (Ethrel) to reduce postharvest plant height development, this procedure is less common for cut daffodils. Harvesting flowers in the pencil or gooseneck stages is recommended even though flowers harvested fully open actually last longer. The reason that tighter harvest stages are recommended is to reduce damages induced during packaging and transport. However, for homeowners picking flowers from their gardens, fully open flowers would be the best harvest stage. The more the air movement in areas where this species is being grown, the shorter the stem (peduncle) length.
Family Roots:
  • Member of the Amaryllidaceae (amaryllis family).
  • Native to the Mediterranean region.
  • Common relatives include agapanthus, clivia and nerine.
Personality:
  • Flowers trumpet shaped, with petals fused to form a corona (cup), doubles, small cupped and large cupped
  • Flower stems leafless, 12-15 inches long. Leaves strap-shaped, up to 12 inches long from the bulb. Plant is classed as a monocotyledon, leaves mostly parallel veined.
  • Plant is a herbaceous perennial from a bulb.
  • Flowers are fragrant.
Availability: Winter and spring.
Flower Color: Yellow, white, orange, bicolored, some greenish.
Storage Specifics: Storage at 32-33 F for up to 10 days, 36-38 F for up to 8 days, store dry (preferred) or wet but keep stems upright to prevent stem bending (geotropism). When 'King Alfred' (a cultivar no longer available) was held wet or dry between 32 and 50F, no difference in vaselife was noted between wet and dry at a given temperature. However, there was an advantage for wet holding when held at 55F. Therefore, dry storage/transport is recommended unless high temperatures (>50F) are possible.
Tidbits:
  • Some references say this plant was named after Narcissus of Greek mythology, who turned into this plant after killing himself because he could not reach his reflection in a pool.
  • Most bulbs used for producing daffodils are grown in The Netherlands. The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology list this species as an allergy-safe pollen producing plant.
  • Narcissus is a Greek name said to be derived from "narke" (numbness, torpor) in reference to its narcotic properties.
  • Can be grown in homes using just about any growing mix (even gravel) because the bulbs contain essentially all of the nutrition and therefore only need water, light and carbon dioxide (from air) to grow and flower. Regardless of the growing mix uded, care should be taken that they are planted deep enough such that the roots do not push the bulb, stems, leaves and flowers out of the mix resulting in a plant that can easily topple over!
  • Flowers should be purchased before the flowers unfold between when they are straight up (pencil) to just bending over (gooseneck) stages.
Recent Findings: Van Doorn (1997) demonstrated that when freshly cut daffodils are placed in the same tap water with freshly cut roses, the roses wilted very rapidly due to the slime that is exuded from the cut stem ends of the daffodil. However, if a germicide was added to the water such as bleach, this negative effect on roses can be eliminated. It is therefore important to hydrate daffodils in a solution that contains a germicide such as found in flower foods or the bleach example noted above.
Daffodil
Common Name: Daffodil, Trumpet Narcissus
Botanical Name: Narcissus pseudonarcissus (nar-SIS-us sue-doe-nar-SIS-us)
Decorative Life: 10-14 days depending on flower maturity at time of purchase and the interior environment.
Post Harvest Care:
  • Display in cool location with filtered sunlight.
Harvest Instructions: Harvest and market at the pencil stage or earlier, when the flower bud is pointing straight up. Preharvest application of Ethephon (Florel) can be used for height control. The more the air movement in areas where this species is being grown, the shorter the stem (peduncle) length.
Family Roots:
  • Member of Amaryllidaceae (amaryllis family).
  • Native to the Mediterranean region.
  • Common relatives include agapanthus, clivia, nerine and paper-whites.
Personality:
  • Flowers are trumpet shaped, with petals fused to form a corona and cup. Can be doubles, multiflowered, small cupped or large cupped.
  • Mostly leafless stems 12-15 inches long; leaves basal, strap-like, up to 12 inches long.
  • Plant is a herbaceous perennial from a bulb, classed as a monocotyledon, leaves mostly parallel veined.
  • Flowers are fragrant.
Availability: Winter and spring.
Flower Color: Mostly yellow, white, orange, some greenish.
Storage Specifics: Storing at 32-33F is best and can be held for up to 10 days at this temperature range. At just a slighly warmer 36-38F, it can only be held for 6-8 days.
Tidbits:
  • Some references say this plant was named after Narcissus of Greek mythology, who turned into this plant after killing himself because he could not reach his reflection in a pool.
  • Most bulbs used for producing daffodils are grown in The Netherlands. The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology list this species as an allergy-safe pollen producing plant.
  • Narcissus is a Greek name said to be derived from "narke" (numbness, torpor) in reference to its narcotic properties.
  • Will generally do well in light levels at least bright enough to read a newspaper in comfort. Very often grown in homes using just gravel and water. The bulbs contain essentially all of the nutrition and therefore only need water, light and carbon dioxide (from air) to grow and flower.
  • Flowers should be purchased before the flowers unfold between when they are straight up (pencil) to just bending over (gooseneck) stages.