Irrigating with water containing very low levels of chlorine (2-8 ppm) can cause significant growth reductions with some cultivars.
Member of the Solanaceae (nightshade family).
Native to Central and South America.
Common relatives include tobacco, eggplant, petunia, tomato and potato.
Glossy fruit, 1-3 inches long, round to elongated in shape, in loose clusters at stem ends.
Leafy stems 6-8 inches long.
Plant is an annual, classed as a dicotyledon, leaves not parallel veined.
From the Greek “kapto” (to bite) referring to the hot taste of some cultivars.
The specific epithet name annuum means annual.
This family has many poisonous members including the common weed, deadly nightshade, and the green skin of potatoes. On the other hand, it is a source of many commercial foods including potato, tomato, pepper and eggplant. Tobacco also is a member.