Brussels Sprouts – Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Share this:Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window) Shop our Growers Choice Subscription! Shop Now Designed with love! Our Grower's Choice Subscription freshly picked and delivered to your door every month. Shop Now Common Name: Brussels Sprouts Botanical Name: Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera, BRAS-si-ca o-ler-ACE-ee-a Decorative Life: 5-7 days. Availability: Fall, Summer, Year Round Family Roots: Member of the Brassicaceae or Cruciferae (mustard family). Native to Europe. Related species include cabbage, kale, kohlrabi, broccoli. Personality: Globular buds, 1 inch in diameter, composed of compacted leaves, are crowded along thick stems. Stems 24-36 inches long. Plant is an annual, classed as a dicotyledon, leaves not parallel veined. Odor of plant parts may be unpleasant. Storage Specifics: 32-34F. Tidbits: The specific epithet name “oleracea” generally means of the garden whereas the variety name “gemmifera” means bud-bearing, in reference to the location of the sprouts. Cruciferae means cross, referring to the flower petals positioned as a cross. In obvious reference to Jesus and the crucifix.