Aster


4 entries found.
Aster
Common Name: Solidaster, Aster, Golden Solidaster
Botanical Name: X Solidaster luteus (so-li-DAS-ter LOO-tee-us)
Decorative Life: 7-10 days.
Post Harvest Care:
  • Remove bottom leaves if present, recut stems under water and place in plain tap water containing regular household bleach at 20 drops (1/4 teaspoon) per quart.
  • Can be stored dry 5-6 days at 36-41 F.
Family Roots:
  • Member of Asteraceae or Compositae (aster family).
  • Native of France.
  • Common relatives include sunflower, daisy, gerbera, chrysanthemum and lettuce.
Personality:
  • Many small daisy-like flowers in loose, branching clusters at stem ends.
  • Stems leafy, 18-24 inches long.
  • Plant is a herbaceous perennial, classed as a dicotyledon, leaves not parallel veined.
  • No fragrance.
Availability: Nearly year-round.
Flower Color: Yellow.
Storage Specifics: 32-38 degrees F.
Tidbits:
  • Solidaster is an intergeneric hybrid, a cross between Aster and Solidago (goldenrod) originating in Lyon, France at the Leonard Lille Nursery in 1910. The "X" in front of the genus name indicates that it is a cross between two genera. The specific epithet name "luteus" means yellow, in reference to the flower color.
  • Is sometimes mistakenly identified as Solidago missouriensis.
  • The Compositae or aster family is vast, with over 20,000 species, and is also one of the most developed families. It was named Compositae because the flowers are actually a "composite" of many individual flowers into one head. Hence, when children pull one "petal" off at a time, saying "she/he loves me, loves me not", they are actually removing a complete flower, not just a petal.
  • Good as a filler.
Recent Findings: Reid (2000) demonstrated that flower food effectiveness varied greatly depending on brand name compared to plain tap water and a bleach/tap water solution.
Aster
Common Name: Monte Casino, Heath Aster, Aster
Botanical Name: Aster ericoides (A-ster e-ri-KOI-deez)
Decorative Life: 8-12 days.
Post Harvest Care:
  • Remove bottom leaves if present, recut stems under water and place in plain tap water containing regular household bleach (about 20 drops [1/4 teaspoon] per quart).
Family Roots:
  • Member of the Asteraceae or Compositae (aster or sunflower) family.
  • Native to Eastern US, ME to GA and TX.
  • Related species include sunflower, daisy, gerbera, chrysanthemum.
Personality:
  • Many, star-like flowers in loose, branching clusters at stem ends.
  • Stems leafy, 24-36 inches long.
  • Classed as a dicotyledon, leaves not parallel veined.
  • Flowers not fragrant.
Availability: Year-round.
Flower Color: White with yellow center.
Storage Specifics: Hold at 32-38F. However, because of the many cultivars and even species, making broad storage temperature recommendations is difficult. For example, Aster bigelovii, more accurately known as Machaeranthera bigelovii, reportedly has an optimum storage temperature of 45F.
Tidbits:
  • Latin for “star,” after its star-like flower shape, the aster was originally recognized for its healing properties. It was said that, when “beaten with old hogs grease, and applied,” that aster was good for "the biting of a mad dogge".
  • The specific epithet name "ericoides" means heath like in reference to their growth habits being somewhat similar to heaths.
  • The Compositae or aster family is vast, with over 20,000 species, and is also one of the most developed families. It was named Compositae because the flowers are actually a "composite" of many individual flowers into one head. Hence, when children pull one "petal" off at a time, saying "she/he loves me, loves me not", they are actually removing a complete flower, not just a petal.
  • While this is a good filler flower, foliage yellowing and/or blackening can be a problem. Excessive storage is one cause for these problems. Only using cultivars less prone to these problems is the best preventative cure.
Recent Findings: Van Gorsel and Ravesloot (1994) showed that a one day interruption at 68F in a 47F cold chain from grower to consumer resulted in a one day loss in vaselife.
Aster
Common Name: Michaelmas Daisy, New York Daisy, Aster
Botanical Name: Aster novi-belgii (A-ster NO-vee BEL-gee-ee)
Decorative Life: 5-10 days.
Post Harvest Care:
  • Remove bottom leaves if present, recut stems under water and place in plain tap water containing regular household bleach (about 20 drops [1/4 teaspoon] per quart).
  • Stiff hairs on leaves can be irritating to skin.
Family Roots:
  • Member of the Asteraceae or Compositae (aster or sunflower) family.
  • Native to the Eastern US.
  • Related species include sunflower, daisy, gerbera and chrysanthemum.
Personality:
  • Flowers are daisy-like heads to 1 inch across with colored ray florets and yellow centers.
  • Stems leafy, branched, 2-3 feet long.
  • Plant is a herbaceous perennial, classed as a dicotyledon, leaves not parallel veined.
  • flowers not fragrant.
Availability: Nearly year-round.
Flower Color: White, pink, lavender, red and blue.
Storage Specifics: 32-38 degrees F. However, because of the many cultivars and even species, making broad storage temperature recommendations is difficult. For example, Aster bigelovii, more accurately known as Machaeranthera bigelovii, has an optimum storage temperature of 45 degrees F.
Tidbits:
  • Flower aficionados recommend constant "pinching back" of the leaves and petals to best preserve the flowers’ form.
  • Latin for “star,” after its star-like flower shape, the aster was originally recognized for its healing properties. It was said that, when “beaten with old hogs grease, and applied,” that aster was good for "the biting of a mad dogge".
  • The Compositae or aster family is vast, with over 20,000 species, and is also one of the most developed families. It was named Compositae because the flowers are actually a "composite" of many individual flowers into one head. Hence, when children pull one "petal" off at a time, saying "she/he loves me, loves me not", they are actually removing a complete flower, not just a petal.
Aster
Common Name: China Aster, Matsumoto, Rainbow Aster, Aster
Botanical Name: Callistephus chinensis (ka-LIS-te-fus chin-EN-sis)
Decorative Life: 6-10 days.
Post Harvest Care:
  • Remove bottom leaves if present, recut stems under water and place into a hydration solution as the sugar in flower food solutions can damage the foliage.
Harvest Instructions: Harvest when flowers are fully open.
Family Roots:
  • Member of the Asteraceae or Compositae (aster or sunflower family).
  • Native to China.
  • Related species include sunflower, daisy, gerbera, chrysanthemum.
Personality:
  • Flowers single, semi-double or double with heads 2-4 inches across (5-10 cm), with bright, coarse textured petals surrounding a light center.
  • Stems leafy, 8-15 inches (20-38 cm) in length.
  • Plant is an annual, classed as a dicotyledon, leaves not parallel veined.
  • Flowers are not fragrant.
Availability: Nearly year-round.
Flower Color: White, yellow, pink, red, blue, purple.
Storage Specifics: 32-38F.
Tidbits:
  • The botanical name means "beautiful crown" in Greek and refers to the showy, solitary flower heads. Also said to be the character of the developing fruit.
  • In some of the more showy cultivars, the inner disk flowers are replaced by ray flowers resulting in a doubled flower appearance.
  • The Compositae or aster family is vast, with over 20,000 species, and is also one of the most developed families. It was named Compositae because the flowers are actually a "composite" of many individual flowers into one head. Hence, when children pull one "petal" off at a time, saying "she/he loves me, loves me not", they are actually removing a complete flower, not just a petal.
  • Leaves often wilt before flowers. Keep solution clean.
  • Flowers should be harvested when they are fully open.